Understanding Pond Algae & Algae Problems - Monmouth County New Jersey (NJ)
Understanding pond algae, and finding solutions to pond algae problems seems like a ugly task to most Monmouth County New Jersey (NJ) pond owners. Finding a balanced growth of healthy pond algae is really quite easy once you have a general understanding of a few basic principles and water treatments. As long as you remember, "There is no such thing as an algae free pond", you will have a better grasp on the subject.
Pond algae is a sign of a healthy ecosystem. Typically a new pond, a year old, or less, may experience a couple of stages where algae is more prevalent than on that of a mature pond even if you have a regimented water treatment routine. Even on mature ponds, it is not uncommon to experience algae blooms during the change of seasons from winter to spring or during the hottest days of summer when we get extreme heat waves.
Three Things To Consider If You Algae In Your Pond
On balanced ponds these undesirable pond algae blooms are usually short lived. Pond algae that is truly out of control can be a symptom of an underlying problem, that is occurring in your pond. 80% of the time, out of the ordinary problem ponds fall into 1, or all of these three very basic categories.
Other issues to consider when battling algae
The other 20% of unbalanced pond issues fall into pond design and construction related problems like; poor circulation, troublesome leaks, low pump turnover rates, improper installation & maintenance of skimmers, property drainage running into the pond, ultra-violet sterilization maintenance, and improperly sized filters.
Pond Leaking ?
If you notice you have to add water on a daily basis, or hear the “hissing” of your water fill valve constantly running, (after properly setting the water level) you may have a leak, most of which occur along the perimeter of the waterfall and stream. These leaks are generally due to the ground settling which causes the water to trickle over the edge of the liner. These leaks can be easily fixed.
Undersized pump/poor construction.
There are several factors to consider when selecting the correct filter size for your pond. Pond shape, volume, location and number of fish and plants all affect how well the filter will perform. The minimum requirement for an unstocked pond would be a filter that runs the entire volume of the pond each hour.
Inadequate/improperly sized filtration.
Proper filtration is essential for a healthy pond. Over-filtration will not harm the pond, but inadequate filtration can kill fish and plants and leave water murky rather than clear, and produce algae blooms.
Rainwater runoff ?
Never use lawn fertilizer or insecticides on trees around your pond or on areas of your property that will drain toward your pond. Lawn fertilizer and insecticides will cause large algae blooms, as well as severely threaten the aquatic life inside your pond.